במשך עשרות שנים, זכוכית דיכרואית צברה עניין הולך וגדל. השם לקוח מהיוונית שפרושה שני צבעים. זאת בשל הצבעוניות וההשתקפות הנפלאה. זכוכית דיכרואית שהיא מעשה ידי אדם משמשת בין השאר באמנות ובתכשיטים.
For decades, dichroic glass has been a growing interest. What is it, how is it made and where did it come from? Discover the fire and multicolored brilliance of dichroic glass that has been artistically transformed into jewelry along with its unique history.
Dichroic (pronounced "dye-crow-ick") glass, commonly called dichro for short, literally means "two colored." It is derived from the Greek words "di" for two, and "chroma" for color. It was thus named because of its fantastic multicolored and reflective properties. When you look at this glass, it appears to have more than one color at the same time, especially when viewed with different lighting.
This reflective phenomenon is known as thin-film physics, which is also why you see swirling rainbow patterns in a soap bubble, floating colors from oil on water and the dramatic colors of dragonfly wings.
We know dichroic glass art has been around since the Roman Empire thanks to the Lycurgus Cup, a 4th Century glass cup that seems to be a different color depending on lighting. The effect was originally created with trace amounts of gold and silver in a large glass melt, resulting in glass that only partially reflects light passing through it.
Dichroic glass became more widely known in modern society when NASA decided to use it in the 1950s and ླྀs. The difference is, instead of using silver and gold, NASA developed a process to vaporize metals with electron beams in a vacuum chamber and then apply it directly to surfaces in an ultra-thin film. The resulting dichroic glass coating is completely transparent to the human eye and is applied in layers to protect spacecraft technology and astronaut vision from harmful radiation of unfiltered sunlight in space. The complete process may require from 15 to 45 different layers totaling a width that is smaller than a human hair.